In summary, the panel found that in recent years, USACE has made considerable efforts to improve the AAE process by issuing standard agreements and standardized guidelines. There are currently 28 PPA models. Many of these models contain voluntary provisions that give districts the flexibility to correct the model changes needed during their negotiations with non-federal sponsors. The availability of models and options facilitated the transfer of decision-making powers to the department level, ensuring consistent preparation and negotiation of AAEs by district offices, as well as audit and approval by departmental offices, in accordance with statutes and policies. This delegation accelerated the implementation of the AAEs. The updated new models also help sponsors understand the requirements of a partnership with USACE. Project Partnership Agreements (AAEs) are legally binding agreements between the Ministry of the Army and non-federal sponsors, which define the conditions for cost-sharing and construction of a project or a separable component of a project. In accordance with congressional instructions for the Water Resource Reform and Development Act (WRRDA) of 2014, USACE commissioned the National Academy of Public Administration (the Academy) to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the AAE process, including proposed changes to the process, provided by non-federal interests, and recommendations to improve the presentation of AAEs and the AAE process. The panel identified steps that USACE and ASA (CW) could take to advance ongoing reforms in the AAE process and strengthen relations with non-federal sponsors. The panel`s recommendations focus on the following measures, many of which have proposed non-federal sponsors and USACE employees.